Reference Library – Scotland – Strathclyde – Glasgow

SpaceX satellite broadband plans ready to blast off

The SpaceX logo at the Kennedy Space Center in Cape Canaveral Florida US SpaceX[1] has kept mum about numerous details relating to Starlink, but the company’s business plan calls for putting thousands of communication satellites[2] in orbit, with limited service starting by 2020, the report[3] said. Recently, SpaceX created history by successfully launching its Falcon Heavy rocket, the most powerful rocket of the world, to space.

Musk said in a speech in 2015 in Seattle that SpaceX planned to launch[4] a satellite-internet business that would help fund a future city on Mars. More than three years ago we learned Elon Musk[5] and his rocket company were working on developing satellites to provide low-priced internet access around the world. SpaceX itself has been relatively mum about the debut of its Starlink satellites, and about the entire program itself.

The letter refers to two satellites called Microsat-2a and Microsat-2b that will be launched as a secondary payload on the Paz mission. Assuming all goes to plan and the test spacecraft work as expected then SpaceX hopes to deploy a vast constellation of 4,425 satellites operating in 83 orbital planes (at altitudes ranging from 1,110 km to 1,325 km) by the end of 2024, which they claim could support “affordable … fiber-like speeds” nearly anywhere in the world. Asma Jahangir laid to rest in Lahore[6]
Traffic and parking plans were prepared to ensure that there was no inconvenience to the funeral congregation or general public.

She fought several cases of Indian prisoners whose legal and human rights were denied for obvious reasons of national enmity. South Jersey Therapy Dog Competes in Westminster Dog Show[7]
As many as 330 dogs, from Yorkshire terriers to German shepherds, vied for the championship. Breeds that were developed to help hunters are classified as sporting dogs.

‘Liam wanted to survive for his family,’ says his father[8]
Former teammates Chris Sutton, John Hartson, Wayne Rooney and Rio Ferdinand have been also been paying tribute on social media. In a eulogy, Mr McStay, who supervised Liam’s arrival in Glasgow as a talented schoolboy, said: “Nothing seemed to faze him”.
“A SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket[9] will launch the PAZ satellite for Hisdesat of Madrid, Spain”.

SpaceX previously sought approval from the agency to launch 4,425 satellites to deliver broadband to users in the US and worldwide. In previous filings[10] with the FCC, Patricia Cooper, SpaceX’s vice president for satellite government affairs, explained that developing a satellite system is “highly proprietary and may take several years to finalize, during which time the operators hold details as highly confidential for obvious competitive reasons”. SpaceX was not immediately available for comment.

SpaceX hopes to have its global internet service up and running by the middle of the 2020s.


  1. ^ SpaceX (
  2. ^ satellites (
  3. ^ report (
  4. ^ launch (
  5. ^ Elon Musk (
  6. ^ Asma Jahangir laid to rest in Lahore (
  7. ^ South Jersey Therapy Dog Competes in Westminster Dog Show (
  8. ^ ‘Liam wanted to survive for his family,’ says his father (
  9. ^ Falcon 9 rocket (
  10. ^ previous filings (

UK hits 95% broadband coverage – someone give Hancock a drink

The UK Government has announced 95% of premises within the country now have access to superfast broadband. Woohoo! In between trips to museums, heritage sites and parties with celebrities, the UK Minister for Fun Secretary of State for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Matt Hancock has announced the milestone.

Praise from the government has been heaped onto the government in particular, pointing towards initiatives to encourage superfast broadband rollouts in areas deemed less commercially attractive by operators. “Over the last 5 years, the Government’s rollout of superfast broadband has made superfast speeds a reality for more than 4.5 million homes and businesses who would otherwise have missed out,” said Hancock, seemingly able to find a little bit of time between sips of martini and photo ops with Rita Ora. “We’ve delivered on our commitment to reach 95% of homes and businesses in the UK, but there’s still more to do in our work building a Britain that’s fit for the future.

We’re reaching thousands more premises every single week, and the next commitment is to making affordable, reliable, high speed broadband a legal right to everyone by 2020.” The Government categorises superfast broadband as a connection which is able to deliver speeds of 24 Mbps or faster. In the rural communities and those less attractive to profit-hungry telcos, these government initiatives are claimed to have 50,000 new local jobs and generating an additional GBP8.9 billion in turnover.

No wonder Hancock spends so much time at parties, he has quite a lot to celebrate if you listen carefully. While champagne corks and party poppers are being let off inside the Department of Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, there are a few concerned voices in the community. “The big challenge now is to give more consumers the confidence to upgrade by making sure the pricing is competitive and to ensure customers know what services are available to their home,” said Richard Neudegg, Head of Regulation at

“Our research from last year found that only 57% of users believed they could access superfast services in their area and as it stands, customers currently have no meaningful way to compare side-by-side the speed of service they are getting today with what they might expect from an upgrade.” “Although rural areas make up a large portion of the five per cent, there are many areas within major cities also struggling with broadband speeds,” said Andrew Ferguson, Editor of “Ironically, Westminster is one of those areas which finds itself behind the curve, alongside areas of Manchester, Liverpool, Bangor, Glasgow and Belfast. Clearly more needs to be done to ensure no premises are left behind as we continue on the road to a superfast Britain.”

“The digital divide goes beyond access to the internet,” Rachel Neaman, CEO, Corsham Institute. “We have known for a long time that many people still lack the basic digital skills and support networks to make the most of online opportunities. “The pace of tech-driven change is now creating a further challenge if we want everyone, no matter where they live, to work and thrive in our digital world throughout their lives. We need to see more teaching, training and support for workers, provided by businesses and policymakers.

It’s also time for more of a focus on digital education and social media awareness in schools.”

While this is certainly an encouraging statistic, it is clear the community still holds some reservations.

There might be a bit of back-slapping going on at the Department of Digital, Culture, Media and Sport, but this still a government team which is being closely monitored.

BT Openreach helps Tories deliver on broadband promises

The government today hailed the closing of Britain’s “digital divide”, with 95 per cent of UK homes and businesses able to access superfast broadband. Superfast internet has created 50,000 new local jobs and generated GBP8.9bn of additional turnover from a rollout between 2013 and 2016, ministers said. Some 4.5m UK premises previously deemed “not commercially viable” have now been plugged into internet speeds of 24 megabits per second or faster as part of a GBP1.7bn initiative.

Ministers were particularly pleased about the findings by given the Conservatives made a manifesto pledge to deliver superfast internet to 19 out of 20 homes and businesses by the end of 2017. However, digital and culture secretary Matt Hancock said the rollout was far from complete. “There’s still more to do in our work building a Britain that’s fit for the future,” he said.

“We’re reaching thousands more premises every single week, and have committed to making affordable, reliable, high-speed broadband a legal right to everyone by 2020.” Engineers from BT infrastructure arm Openreach worked hard on the run-up to and during Christmas. December was described as “a particularly busy month”.

“This is, without doubt, an extraordinary achievement and I’d like to thank the thousands of Openreach engineers and the many more of our people supporting them, who have worked so tirelessly to make this happen,” said Openreach chief executive Clive Selley. Read more: One of London’s most popular commuter towns gets ultrafast broadband[1][2] “We have come a long way in a short space of time, with one of the fastest broadband deployments in the world.

This is an important milestone – but we’re not stopping here.

We’re determined to get Britain – the whole of Britain – hooked up to decent broadband speeds.”

Read more: A Neil Woodford-backed firm is to deliver Glasgow some mighty fast internet[3]


  1. ^ One of London’s most popular commuter towns gets ultrafast (
  2. ^ broadband (
  3. ^ A Neil Woodford-backed firm is to deliver Glasgow some mighty fast internet (