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Census figures show population of the Highlands on the up but …

23/12/2013

Photograph of Census figures show population of the Highlands on the up but down in Wick and Thurso

A report for Highland Councillors has highlighted the early results from the 2011 Census which shows that the population of the Highlands has grown over the last decade by 11.1%, with the strongest population growth taking place in the Inverness South and Aird and Loch Ness Wards. The report also highlights that across the Highlands there is a large number of people in the 55 to 65 age group which means the area should see a steady increase in the number of retired people over the coming years. Leader of The Highland Council, Councillor Drew Hendry said: The population growth is no surprise as the Highlands is a great place to live and do business in which is why we are prioritising the support and creation of jobs and are working to deliver 5000 new homes by 2017 to attract new people to come to work.

At the same time as this optimism for a vibrant and economically robust Highlands, we are aware that a large section of the population is aging which is why we are channelling resources so we can provide the best quality of life possible for those in need of support. Current actions include working with NHS Highland and other agencies in delivering an integrated of health and social care service and the building of two new care homes in Muir of Ord and Tain which began earlier this year as well as funds allocated for refurbishing existing care homes. The Census figures do help us to plan for the future and also highlights the strong links between economic growth, new house building and population growth and I believe having an older population can provide opportunities as the vast level of experience older people have can be a very useful resource.

Also, with people getting fitter and staying healthier longer, retirees have a lot to give their local communities so I look forward to discussing the 2011 Census results in more detail at a meeting of our Planning, Environment and Development Committee on 8th January. Link to committee reporthttp://www.highland.gov.uk/NR/rdonlyres/B9B9ABDD-7688-4C3E-A849-37E38CEE6395/0/Item5PED314.pdf The full report is below –

PLANNING, ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT COMMITTEE Report No PED 3/14 8TH JANUARY 2014 POPULATION CHANGE IN HIGHLAND 2001 TO 2011

Report by Director of Planning and Development Summary This report is provided for information and looks at the early results from the 2011 Census, giving local information on the number and ages of people living within Highland. It compares these figures with those from 2001 to show that our population has aged , and that we have a large number of people who are close to retirement age.

Our population has grown by 11.1% with an increase in 18 out of 22 Wards, and at a local level in 196 out of 292 data zones. Local population growth is strongly linked to the building of new homes.

1. Background

1.1. Publication of the results from the 2011 Census began in December 2012, and the most recent published in November 2013 gave the first detailed results for census output areas , the smallest areas for which results are published. These detailed results have enabled us to prepare the first 2011 Census profiles and these are available for Wards, Associated School Groups, Community Councils and Settlement Zones on our website at:

link to census profiles http://www.highland.gov.uk/yourcouncil/highlandfactsandfigures/census2011.htm

1.2. This report returns to some earlier results and looks at how the age profile of the Highland population and the total numbers have changed at a local level (datazones). These changes are summarised in Briefing Note 57 which is attached at Appendix 1.

2. The Changing Age Structure of our Population 2.1 The first chart in Appendix 1 shows that the shape of the age profile is unchanged over the last decade and it has moved ten years to the right. Despite the increase in the birth rate since 2002 we have fewer children aged 15 and under, but perhaps the most striking feature is the peak in the 56 to 68 age group.

This group will move into retirement during the next decade and eventually result in an increase in elderly care needs.

2.2 The equivalent dip in the profile in the 30 to 41 age group shows how theworking age population is now biased towards the older age groups, althoughthe percentage of people in their 20s has been stable.

3 Population Change by Ward

3.1 The Appendix shows the change in the total population in each Ward between 2001 and 2011 together with the number of new homes built during the decade. As might be expected the largest growth has been in the expansion areas of Inverness with an increase of 8,136 in Inverness South (115%) and 1,958 in Aird and Loch Ness (22%). Badenoch & Strathspey, Nairn, Landward Caithness, Black Isle, Dingwall & Seaforth and Inverness Central have all seen strong growth around or above the Highland average while growth in Tain & Easter Ross, Cromarty Firth and the rural west has been more modest.

Growth in Sutherland has been marginal, and four Wards Wick, Inverness Millburn, Thurso and Culloden & Ardersier have all experienced population decline.

3.2 Within Caithness we have seen a general trend of population drift from the urban areas of Thurso and Wick into rural Caithness and this, in combination with low economic growth, accounts for the decline in the two towns. Inverness Millburn is fully developed with little land for new housing while in Culloden & Ardersier the relatively modest volume of new housing has not kept pace with the ageing and declining population in the growth areas of the 1980s and 90s.

4 Local Population Change, by Data Zone

4.1 The Appendix shows that that high levels of population growth have occurred in areas where there has been significant house building, although the growth in rural areas such as Beauly Rural, Killen & Raddery and Spean Bridge suggests a change in the types and sizes of families living in these areas. Zones with the most significant decline tend to be in areas that have seen little economic growth and / or are fully developed urban areas with little new housing, where a generally stable population base has aged and household sizes fallen.

4.2 Urban Areas. The population of urban Inverness and the immediate surrounding area has increased by 18% and the population of our small towns (with a population of more than 3,000) has increased by 4%.  At a local level, significant population increase has occurred only where there has been new house building.

Natural population increase through an excess of births over deaths, and turnover through moving house, are secondary factors.  Where there has been little recent house building, population decline has been most marked in areas where there was significant expansion in the late 1970s through to the 90s: this includes the areas of Inverness such as Culloden, Kinmylies / Scorguie, Drakies, Holm and Lochardil.  In the older expansion areas of the 1950s through to the early 70s such as Hilton, the population has been stable or seen a modest increase.  The difference between the two generations of expansion area is that families moving to the more recent areas have seen their children leave home, the parents have tended to remain, and property turnover has been inadequate to refresh the population base. In the older areas, the parents are beginning to age and seek more suitable accommodation, with the result that the population base is beginning to refresh and bring in new families.  Later releases of Census results will give more information on employment, but monitoring of other sources over the last decade suggests that population growth in urban areas is strongly linked to economic growth and job creation in the area. The Census was held on 27thMarch 2011 and this is probably too early to see the impact of the recent growth in the energy sector in Caithness and Easter Ross.

4.3 Rural Areas. The population of accessible rural areas within 30 minutes travel time of Inverness has increased by 14% and remote rural areas more than 30 minutes away have increased by 11%.  The link between economic growth and population growth is less strong in rural areas.

Sutherland has seen little employment growth overall but there are contrasting population growth rates in (e.g.) north east Sutherland (decline) and parts of west Sutherland such as Stoer and Scourie (growth). This may be due the attraction of the west coast as a lifestyle destination, a trend we can see substantiated in the origins of house buyers.  Remoteness is not an absolute barrier to population growth e.g. the remote area of Applecross, Shieldaig and Torridon has seen a growth of 6% whereas neighbouring, more accessible, Strathcarron has seen decline of 5%.

Similarly, on Skye, Duirinish has seen growth and Dunvegan has declined.  Kinlochbervie and Lochinver have each seen a decline in the fishing industry since the peak years of the 1980s, yet Lochinver has grown by around 5% and Kinlochbervie has declined by 17%. There may be lessons we can learn from experiences in these areas about how best to support remote, rural communities.  In Caithness, the population of Thurso and Wick has declined but there has been a significant increase in the surrounding rural areas, largely as a result of new house building helped by the availability of relatively low cost building plots. These are issues that will be examined in the Caithness & Sutherland Local Development Plan.

5 Resource Implications

5.1 There are no direct resource implications arising from this report, but the imminent rise in the number of retired people reinforces the anticipated need for increased expenditure on care of the elderly in the future.

6 Equalities, Legal, Risk and Climate Change Implications

6.1 There are no equalities, legal, risk or climate change implications for The Highland Council arising from this factual report. Recommendation The Committee is asked to note that the last decade has seen population growth throughout Highland, and also that:

i. the Census results confirm that our population is ageing and that we are about to see a significant increase in the number of retired people; and ii. the strong links between economic growth, new house building and population growth.

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References

  1. ^ Council steps up security at Council HQ (www.caithness-business.co.uk)
  2. ^ Parking management talks ensure continuity of enforcement (www.caithness-business.co.uk)
  3. ^ Black Isle by-election result (www.caithness-business.co.uk)
  4. ^ Tribute paid to retiring Council director (www.caithness-business.co.uk)
  5. ^ Survey seeks tenants views on council homes (www.caithness-business.co.uk)
  6. ^ Funding boost for 3 town centre planning events (www.caithness-business.co.uk)
  7. ^ Council agrees amendments to service management teams (www.caithness-business.co.uk)
  8. ^ Council to challenge legislation on betting shop licensing laws (www.caithness-business.co.uk)
  9. ^ Council agrees tax freeze for 7th year in a row (www.caithness-business.co.uk)
  10. ^ Printer Friendly Version (www.caithness-business.co.uk)