Fetlar is one of the North Isles of Shetland, Scotland, with a usually resident population of 61 at the time of the 2011 census. Its main settlement is Houbie on the south coast, home to the Fetlar Interpretive Centre.
Fetlar is the fourth largest island of Shetland and has an area of just over 4,000 hectares (15 ‘ sq ‘ mi).
One of the strange features of Fetlar is a huge wall that goes across the island known as the Funzie Girt or Finnigirt Dyke. It is thought to date from the Mesolithic period. So sharp was the division between the two halves of the island, that the Norse talked of East and West Isle separately.
Another attraction on the island is the Gothic Brough Lodge, built by Arthur Nicolson in about 1820, and which is undergoing restoration by the Brough Lodge Trust.
The Fetlar sheepdog trials take place annually, normally in July. The Fetlar Foy is very popular with Shetlanders and tourists alike. It takes place at midsummer on the Links at Tresta where folk are entertained with music, food and drink.
Its most famous son was Sir William Watson Cheyne Bt FRS FRCS, a close associate of Lord Lister and one of the pioneers of antiseptics.
He was professor of surgery at King’s College London, President of the Royal College of Surgeons of England and wrote many books on medical treatments. He was made a baronet for services to medicine in 1908, was an MP first for the Universities of Edinburgh and St Andrews and then the Combined Scottish Universities in 1917 and 1918. He was Lord Lieutenant of the Shetland Islands from 1919 to 1930.
Cheyne died on Fetlar on 19 April 1932.
Fishing and shipwrecks
Fetlar has a long tradition of fishing. An unusual result of this is that according to Guinness World Records the record for the oldest message in a bottle was broken in August 2012 when a drift bottle released in June 1914 was found by Andrew Leaper, skipper of the Copious, coincidentally the same fishing vessel involved in the previous record recovery in 2006. The bottle, and Mr Leaper’s World Record certificate, have been donated to the Fetlar Interpretative Centre.
Fetlar also has an international selection of shipwrecks including Danish, Dutch, German, English and Soviet vessels.
Geography and geology
Fetlar has a very complex geology, including gneiss in the west, metamorphosed gabbro and phyllite, and kaolin. There is also antigorite and steatite here. Talc was mined here.
Fetlar is surrounded by a number of small islands, particularly in the sound between it and Unst.
These include to the north: Daaey; Haaf Gruney; Sound Gruney; Urie Lingey and Uyea and to the west: Hascosay and Linga
It is separated from Hascosay and Yell by Colgrave Sound. Much further to the south are the Out Skerries and Whalsay.
There are three island names in Shetland of unknown and possibly pre-Celtic origin: Fetlar, Unst and Yell. The earliest recorded forms of these three names do carry Norse meanings: Fetlar is the plural of fetill and means “shoulder-straps” Omstr is “corn-stack” and la is from l meaning “deep furrow”.
However these descriptions are hardly obvious ones as island names and are probably adaptations of a pre-Norse language. This may have been Pictish but there is no clear evidence for this. Haswell-Smith suggests a meaning of “prosperous land” and that the island’s name may mean “two islands strapped together” by the Funzie Girt.
It was recorded as “F til r” in 1490.
Fetlar’s wildlife is as varied as its geology. For example, over two hundred species of wild flower have been identified here.
The northern part of Fetlar is a RSPB reserve, home to several important breeding species including Arctic skuas and whimbrels. The Lamb Hoga peninsula and nearby Haaf Gruney have some of the largest colonies of storm petrel.
Of greatest importance though are red-necked phalaropes, for which the Loch of Funzie is the most important breeding site in the United Kingdom, and for a while during the 1990s was the only breeding site in the country. A pair of snowy owls famously bred here in the 1960s and early 1970s, they lasted until the 1980s but are no longer present. The island is known as “The Garden of Shetland,” due to its highly fertile soil.
Ferries sail daily from Hamars Ness on Fetlar to Gutcher on Yell and Belmont on Unst.
A new breakwater and berthing facility is being added at Hamars Ness and was officially opened on 1 December 2012.
There is a communications tower on Fetlar at: 60 ‘ 36’5.39″N, 0 ‘ 55’35.44″W. Fetlar is “Under Evaluation” for superfast broadband according to Digital Scotland.
Fetlar Developments Ltd (FDL), a company limited by guarantee and a registered charity, was set up by the community to counter the depopulation of the island, which had fallen to just 48 in early 2009, when the 2001 total had been 86. The development company continue to work towards securing a sustainable future for the island both socially and economically.
Currently there are 7 primary pupils and 2 nursery pupils at Fetlar primary school, situated at Baela near Houbie.
- ^ Anderson (1873) preface
- ^ ab Area and population ranks: there are c.
300 islands >20ha in extent and 93 permanently inhabited islands were listed in the 2011 census.
- ^ abc National Records of Scotland (15 August 2013) (pdf) Statistical Bulletin: 2011 Census: First Results on Population and Household Estimates for Scotland – Release 1C (Part Two). “Appendix 2: Population and households on Scotland s inhabited islands”. Retrieved 17 August 2013.
- ^ abcdefgh Haswell-Smith (2004) pp.
- ^ Ordnance Survey. Get-a-map (Map).
Ordinance Survey. Retrieved 21 August 2013.‘
- ^ “Finnigirt Dyke” fetlar.com. Retrieved 1 May 2008
- ^ “Brough Lodge Trust” fetlar.com.
Retrieved 30 April 2008.
- ^ “10th Anniversary Fetlar Foy” johnsmasfoy.com. Retrieved 2 June 2008.
- ^ “World record as message in bottle found after 98 years near Shetland” BBC News. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- ^ Gammeltoft (2010) p.
- ^ Gammeltoft (2010) pp.
- ^ Gammeltoft (2010) p.
- ^ “Norn” Shetlopedia. Retrieved 23 Jan 2011.
- ^ ab Haswell-Smith (2004) p.
- ^ “Fetlar Museum” fetlar.com. Retrieved 1 May 2008.
- ^ “Fetlar: The Garden of Shetland” fetlar.org.
Retrieved 28 Jan 2011.
- ^ http://www.digitalscotland.org/superfast-broadband/the-programme/
- ^ General Register Office for Scotland (28 November 2003) Scotland’s Census 2001 ” Occasional Paper No 10: Statistics for Inhabited Islands. Retrieved 26 February 2012.
- ^ Fetlar Primary School. “News Page”. Retrieved 28 November 2009. ‘
- Anderson, Joseph (ed.) (1873) The Orkneyinga Saga.
Translated by J n A. Hjaltalin & Gilbert Goudie. Edinburgh.
Edmonston and Douglas. The Internet Archive. Retrieved 26 August 2013.
- Haswell-Smith, Hamish (2004). The Scottish Islands.
ISBN ‘ 978-1-84195-454-7.‘
- Gammeltoft, Peder (2010) “Shetland and Orkney Island-Names ” A Dynamic Group”. Northern Lights, Northern Words.
Selected Papers from the FRLSU Conference, Kirkwall 2009, edited by Robert McColl Millar.
WALTHAM, Mass. | May 21, 2008 Novell today announced the availability to customers worldwide of SUSE Linux Enterprise 10 Service Pack 2 (SP2), containing enhancements in virtualization, management, hardware enablement and interoperability. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP2 is the only Xen-based virtualization solution with full support from Microsoft for Windows* Server 2008 and Windows Server 2003 guests and live migration of those guests across physical machines.
Several improvements specific to SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 and SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time 10 are also included in SP2. Novell further unveiled the Subscription Management Tool for SUSE Linux Enterprise, designed to help customers better manage their SUSE Linux Enterprise software updates. This service pack for SUSE Linux Enterprise 10 has something for almost everyone customers, partners and developers, said Holger Dyroff, vice president of outbound product management for SUSE Linux Enterprise at Novell.
The benefits of Linux in the enterprise are becoming well known, and Novell’s focus is on continuing to simplify the customer’s experience, always with an eye to reducing costs. Reliability, security and interoperability don’t need to break the bank. That’s the ongoing value Novell provides with SUSE Linux Enterprise.
Subscription Management Tool for SUSE Linux Enterprise
The Subscription Management Tool (SMT) for SUSE Linux Enterprise helps customers easily manage their SUSE Linux Enterprise software updates while maintaining corporate firewall policy and regulatory compliance requirements.
SMT is a package proxy system that is integrated with the Novell Customer Center and provides key Novell Customer Center capabilities locally at the customer site. It provides a repository and registration target that is synchronized with the Novell Customer Center, thus maintaining all the capabilities of the Novell Customer Center while allowing a more secure centralized deployment.
SMT allows customers to easily distribute updates for all SUSE Linux Enterprise devices (server, desktop or point-of-service terminal) that are running Service Pack 2 or subsequent releases. By downloading these updates only once and distributing them throughout the enterprise, the customer is able to set more restrictive firewall policies and, where applicable, avoid significant network usage stemming from repeated downloads of the same updates by each device.
SMT is fully supported and available as a download to customers with an active SUSE Linux Enterprise product subscription.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Server Enhancements
Delivering Xen* version 3.2, SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP2 includes several virtualization advances, including support for fully virtualized Windows Server 2008 and Windows Server 2003 and the live migration of those Windows Server guests across physical machines. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server is the only third-party virtualization solution offering full support directly from Microsoft for Windows Server guests. In addition, extensive updates to the YaST management toolset encompass first-boot enhancements and network module support for new devices.
Srinivasa Rao Addepalli, CTO and chief architect of Intoto Inc.
and a participant in the SP2 beta program, said, SUSE Linux Enterprise Server has been the choice of customers for security applications in the virtualized environment. To secure virtual systems, Intoto has been providing UTM and MultiService Business Gateway solutions using Xen running on SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10, and we have been pleased with the increase in performance and manageability of the SP2 release. With the addition of fully virtualized Windows Server 2008 guest support, the SP2 release facilitates creation of a true virtualization system.
Advances in high availability and storage management such as updates to Heartbeat 2 and OCFS2 are also included in SP2. Network management improvements include support for IPv6. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 SP2 has been designed to meet the U.S.
government’s requirements for IPv6 and is currently in the certification process. Enhanced hardware enablement includes new network, storage and other drivers along with support for IBM* cryptographic hardware.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop Enhancements
SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 SP2 provides improved interoperability with Microsoft* Windows and Office via local NTFS file system support, improved integration with Microsoft Active Directory* and an upgrade to OpenOffice.org 2.4 Novell Edition. The OpenOffice.org productivity suite features key enhancements to VBA macro support within Calc and embedded audio and video within Impress, as well as a technical preview of the Office Open XML (OOXML) translator.
Other enhancements include plug-and-play support for wireless broadband (UMTS, 3G), improvements to Network Manager, and support for new hardware technologies from Novell partners.
Nick Piccone, network engineer for University Community Hospital and an SP2 beta tester, said, The improved interoperability with Microsoft Windows and Office combined with the networking and hardware enablement enhancements that come with this release have demonstrated the level of productivity and reliability we have come to expect from SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop.
Updates to SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time
SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time is specifically engineered to reduce the latency and increase the predictability of time-sensitive mission critical applications. Service Pack 2 further improves the performance and predictability of time-sensitive applications running on SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time through support for adaptive locking, OpenFabrics Enterprise Distribution (OFED) 1.3 and the Precise Timing Protocol. OFED 1.3 enables the implementation of unified high-speed interconnects based on InfiniBand and 10-Gigabit Ethernet.
With SP2, Novell becomes the first Linux* distributor to support OFED 1.3.
SUSE Linux Enterprise Software Development Kit (SDK)
The SUSE Linux Enterprise SDK also provides new capabilities in SP2, giving developers and technical enthusiasts even more ways to create powerful new software on and with SUSE Linux Enterprise. It includes updates to several tools that enable the creation of installation media and appliances: KIWI, YaST2 Product Creator, YaST2 Add-on Creator and YaST2 Image Creator.
Service Pack 2 for SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10, SUSE Linux Enterprise Desktop 10 and SUSE Linux Enterprise 10 SDK are now available. SP2 for SUSE Linux Enterprise Real Time 10 and the Subscription Management Tool for SUSE Linux Enterprise will be available within 90 days.
As announced in March at Novell BrainShare , the next generation of SUSE Linux Enterprise version 11 is due to arrive in the first half of 2009 and is slated to deliver major advancements in mission-critical data center technologies, UNIX* migration, virtualization, interoperability, green computing and desktop Linux. More information on SUSE Linux Enterprise can be found at www.novell.com/linux.
Novell, Inc. (Nasdaq: NOVL) delivers the best engineered, most interoperable Linux platform and a portfolio of integrated IT management software that helps customers around the world reduce cost, complexity and risk. With our infrastructure software and ecosystem of partnerships, Novell harmoniously integrates mixed IT environments, allowing people and technology to work as one.
For more information, visit www.novell.com2. Novell and SUSE are registered trademarks and BrainShare is a registered service mark of Novell, Inc. in the United States and other countries. *Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds.
All other third-party trademarks are the property of their respective owners.
When it needed to scale the size of its delivery teams and improve its time-to-market, Telstra1 — Australia s leading provider of mobile devices, home phones, and broadband Internet — jumped right into Agile. At a fundamental level, the Telstra story is about moving from Agile projects with just a few people to Agile programs with hundreds of people working on many different things.
Telstra started its Agile journey with five “wagile2” teams, working on four projects in a mixed Agile/waterfall environment. It scaled up to 7 fully Agile teams, working on 24 concurrent projects under a single Agile Release Train, by applying Dean Leffingwell’s Scaled Agile Framework (SAFe3.) SAFe gets a lot of attention in the Agile community, but at Telstra it became much more than a buzzword or strategy.
SAFe helped this large telecommunications and mobile organisation transform its Enterprise Data Warehouse (EDW) practices and shape an Agile organizational culture — all in a matter of months.
Telsta’s results speak for themselves:
- Average delivery cycle time down from 12 month to 3 months
- 6x increase in delivery frequency
- 50% reduction in cost-to-deliver
- 95% decrease in product defects
- 100% of projects delivered on time and on budget
- Happy project sponsors
- Happy teams